Papillomas are benign growths. The main reason for the removal is its unsightly appearance, location in the region of the women's neckline. The causes of the formation are associated with decreased immunity, previously transferred viral diseases.
Varieties of papillomas
The human papillomavirus has more than 10 genotypes, but only a few of them are the most common.
Simple or common warts
The type of formation that most often infects the human epidermis. The locations of its location are scalp, neck, face, hands, body, skin folds.
The most effective methods for removing papillomas are medications; operational (with scalpel, cryo-, laser-, radio methods, electrocoagulation); combined (removal of papilloma followed by drug therapy to prevent relapse).
Simple warts have a regular round or oval shape. They can rise above the surface of the epidermis by 5 millimeters or more.
Its diameter reaches 1 centimeter. The structure of the warts is soft, homogeneous and has no internal seals. The disease is not accompanied by the manifestation of symptoms. In most situations, they are not dangerous.
The method of treating papillomas is selected strictly individually in each case. It is necessary to take into account the contraindications to a particular exposure method.
For example, a patient may have an allergy to cold and this can be an obstacle to cryotherapy.
Flat growths are also called young people. Children, as well as those who have already reached puberty, are susceptible to the appearance of pathologies.
In old age, neoplasms are very rare. Experts associate the formation of flat warts with hormonal changes. They are formed as a result of previous viral illnesses.
Growths occur in a single or multiple way. They do not rise above the surface of the skin. The color of the lumps is light, close to the natural tone of the skin.
Locations: face, neck, back of arms and legs. Serious concomitant symptoms are absent. The disease does not require treatment.
A distinctive feature of the formations is the presence of a thin base. For this reason, they are called pedunculados. These warts grow in length.
The dimensions of the individual formations reach 1 cm. The main problem with filamentous warts is high trauma.
Having a thin leg makes them vulnerable. Warts are most often located on the neck, armpits, facial skin and décolleté.
Another name for pathology is spines. Formations are dense growths. When exposed to its base, painful sensations appear, reminiscent of a needle stick.
Externally, they can be easily confused with calluses or calluses. The appearance of a wart is usually accompanied by the growth of the disease.
The human papillomavirus is transmitted sexually. In case of infection, warts form in the intimate area - warts in the genital area.
The location of its location is the reproductive organs and the anal region. The disease manifests itself in the form of small bodily papules.
Papillomas themselves are not dangerous. Its formation is not accompanied by unpleasant symptoms, but thin skin is prone to injury. Formation injuries lead to the addition of a secondary infection.
In addition to the listed species, there are flat warts and internal formations. Despite the absence of associated symptoms, the presence of training requires referral to a specialist and regular follow-up.
Reasons for removing formations
The reasons for where papillomas come from are not fully understood. Most of the time, they affect the face, neck, décolleté. Experts recommend removing the papillomas even in cases where they do not cause serious disorders.
The reasons for mandatory surgery include:
- high riskdamagepapillomas;
- activeheightor the development of new formations, their propagation through the skin;
- repeatedthe formation of papilloma after drug treatment.
It is also recommended to remove papillomas when located in open areas of the body. The fact that the tumor itches or itches is a cause for concern.
Effective methods of removal
Modern medicine offers patients several ways to deal with papillomas:
The choice of the therapeutic scheme is made by the doctor depending on the size and location of the formations.
For small formations and their location in non-traumatic places, the use of drug therapy is recommended.
Conservative treatment is highly effective for fresh warts and their location in areas of thin, sensitive skin. Medicines do not always allow the formation to be completely removed.
The drugs are used alone or in combination. Most of the time, a specialist prescribes topical medications in conjunction with antiviral therapy.
With the location of papillomas in open areas of the skin, the appearance of unpleasant symptoms or an increased risk of injury, surgical intervention allows you to get rid of them:
- Surgicalremoval. The easiest and most economical way to remove the buildup. At the moment, it is rarely used in medicine. It is accompanied by a high risk of scar formation.
- Electrocoagulation.The method is to remove the accumulation by the action of an electric current. A high frequency current is sent to the affected area, which leads to the cauterization of the treated area. The procedure is quick and painless.
- Lasercoagulation. A distinctive feature of the method is the use of a laser beam to remove the buildup. The method is non-traumatic. It is characterized by fast cure times. Thanks to the laser effect and the instant sealing of the vessels in the treated area, the risk of bleeding during the procedure is minimal.
- Cryotherapy.The method is based on exposure to ultra low temperatures. The formation is frozen with liquid nitrogen. The main disadvantage of the method is the inability to precisely control the depth of the treated area. As a result, healthy adjacent tissues are affected.
- Radiosurgery.The removal of the papilloma is carried out by radio waves. A special device acts in the formation and removes the affected tissue. The method is used actively in modern medicine and is considered to be highly effective and painless.
The method of surgical intervention is determined according to the size of the formations, their location and number.
Most of the time, experts recommend using a combination treatment. It consists of prompt removal of existing formations and subsequent drug therapy. The combined regimen aims to prevent the risk of subsequent development of papillomas on the patient's skin.
Caution after removal
To speed up the wound healing process after removing the papilloma, certain recommendations must be followed.
After the operation, it is forbidden to expose the wound surface to injuries. In addition, you cannot paste with a plaster. The lack of fresh air slows down tissue regeneration. The thing is that when you go outside, the wound can be closed with a bactericidal adhesive.
In addition, after manipulation, the skin should be limited to prolonged exposure to direct sunlight.
During the day, it is not possible to wet the wound or apply cosmetics on it.
In addition, for at least 3 weeks, you will have to refuse to visit the solarium, spa, swimming pool.
For the treatment of the site, experts advise the use of antiseptics.